Lorenzetti, Ambrogio

(c. 1290-1348)
   Painter of the Sienese School who, along with his brother Pietro Lorenzetti, foreshadowed the 15th-century developments in one-point linear perspective that would change the course of art. Documents indicate that Ambrogio was in Florence on two occasions, which would have given him first-hand knowledge of the new mode introduced by Giotto, well represented in the Bardi and Peruzzi chapels at Santa Croce. In 1319 Ambrogio painted an altarpiece of the Madonna for the Pieve in Vico l'Abate in the Florentine outskirts, and in 1332-1334 he created a polyptych for the Church of San Procolo in Florence proper, when he had no choice but to join the Florentine painter's guild in order to work in that city. The Virgin and Child with Saints Mary Magdalen and Dorothy (1330s; Siena, Pinacoteca), commissioned for the Convent of St. Petronilla in Siena, is one of Ambrogio's earlier extant works. Here, the Virgin and Child are not enthroned as tradition dictated but rather represented as three-quarter-length figures placed against a gilded background. In c. 1335-1337, Ambrogio painted the Maestà Altarpiece for the high altar of the Church of Sant' Agostino in Massa Marittima, then under Sienese dominion. As a subject often represented by Sienese masters, the work was meant to assert the dominance of Siena over the city. Only the main panel of this altarpiece survives; the predella, frame, and other decorative elements are missing.
   Ambrogio's most significant commission is the allegory of Good and Bad Government (1338-1339) in the Sala della Pace of the Palazzo Pubblico in Siena, the most ambitious fresco of the 14th century. In 1342, Ambrogio painted the Presentation in the Temple for the Cathedral of Siena (now in Florence, Uffizi), which shows a row of columns convincingly receding into space and toward the center of the work. The figures are placed behind the columns that, along with the glimpse of the vaulted ceiling, enhances the sense of three-dimensionality. Ambrogio and his brother are thought to have succumbed to the Black Death that struck Europe in 1348.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Lorenzetti, Ambrogio — ▪ Italian painter born c. 1285, Siena, Republic of Siena died c. 1348  younger brother of Pietro Lorenzetti (Lorenzetti, Pietro), who ranks in importance with the greatest of the Italian Sienese painters, Duccio and Simone Martini. Only six… …   Universalium

  • Lorenzetti, Ambrogio — ► (m. 1348) Pintor italiano. Decoró el palacio comunal de Siena. Destaca por la sensual belleza de sus imágenes de la Virgen …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ambrogio Lorenzetti — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Madonna con niño, de 1319 Su primera obra conocida Ambrogio Lorenzetti (Ambrosio en español, o Ambruogio Laurati), fue un pintor italiano de la escuela de Siena, nacido probablemente en 1290. Era el hermano me …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ambrogio Lorenzetti — (or Ambruogio Laurati; c. 1290 ndash; June 9, 1348) was an Italian painter of the Sienese school. He was active between approximately from 1317 to 1348. His elder brother was the painter Pietro Lorenzetti. His work shows the influence of Simone… …   Wikipedia

  • Lorenzetti — Lorenzetti, Ambrogio Lorenzetti, Pietro …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lorenzetti — Lorenzetti, Ambrogio und Pietro, ital. Maler des 14. Jahrh., berühmte Vertreter der Schule von Siena; von ersterm Madonnenbilder, von letzterm allegorische Fresken im Palazzo pubblico …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lorenzetti — es un apellido de origen italiano que puede referirse a: Ambrogio Lorenzetti (1290 1348), pintor de la Escuela sienesa. Enrico Lorenzetti (1911 1989), corredor italiano de mototociclismo que fue campeón del mundo de 250 cc en 1952. Ricardo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lorenzetti — is an Italian surname and may refer to:*Ambrogio Lorenzetti Sienese painter *Enrico Lorenzetti Italian moto GP racer of the 1940s and 1950s *Pietro Lorenzetti Sienese painter, brother of Ambrogio Lorenzetti *Ricardo Lorenzetti current president… …   Wikipedia

  • Lorenzetti — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ambrogio Lorenzetti um (1290–1348), italienischer Maler Enrico Lorenzetti (1911–1989), italienischer Motorradrennfahrer Hugo Lorenzetti (1912–1975), französischer Bahnradsportler und Schrittmacher Pietro… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lorenzetti — Lorenzetti, Pietro und Ambrogio, ital. Maler der sienesischen Schule des 14. Jahrh. Ersterer, der ältere der beiden Brüder, bildete sich unter dem Einflusse von Duccio und Simon Martini und war schon 1305 Meister. Seine Tätigkeit ist bis 1348… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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